Often described as a “king of dogs,” the Afghan Hound is a noble, aristocratic and ancient breed originating from Sinai and mentioned in Egyptian papyruses as well as drawn on the caves of Afghanistan over 4,000 years ago.
The breed is a sighthound which means it hunts by sight, used in the past as a shepherd and as a hunter of hares, gazelles, wild goats, snow leopard and other types of wild game. Nowadays the Afghan is more popularly bred for its elegant qualities as a show dog and for lure coursing, especially in Europe and in America.
It is tall and slender in built, standing 24 to 29 inches and weighing an average of 45 to 60 pounds. Its unique feature is its tail with ring curl at the end but it may also be distinguished by its narrow and refined head, long and strong neck, a long topknot and dark, almond-shaped eyes. It has a thick, rich and silky coat that may be of any colour but white markings are highly discouraged for breeding.
A typical Afghan would be aloof and dignified in temperament, highly sensitive but affectionate. They can be good companion dogs but the Afghan can also be timid and highly strung especially if they do not receive adequate mental and physical exercise. Because they are extremely fast and agile runners, an Afghan needs a lot of outdoor space and the time to run around freely. It has a life expectancy of about 14 years and is also a generally healthy breed, but needs constant grooming attention.
References:Afghan Hound Description @ The Dog Guide