Also known as Bichon Bolognese, this toy dog originated from Italy around the 11th or 12th century. During the Roman era, they were among the most valued gifts to royalty. They are closely related to the Bichon Frise and the Havanese. Small in size but stocky and compact, the Bolognese weighs 4.5 to 9 pounds and stands 10 to 12 inches. It has a distinctive single layer of coat that falls in ringlets all over the body, woolly in texture and should never be trimmed or clipped. Coat colour is pure white without any shading. The breed is squarely built meaning the length of the body is equal to the height at its withers.
For a toy dog, the Bolognese is not known for a high level of energy. It is slightly more reserved and shy than its relative, the Bichon Frise. Rather serious and docile but very affectionate and playful with its master, it also gets along very well with other animals. They are also not as yappy as the Bichon Frise but still remain alert and will bark at strange noises in the house. Eager to please its master, it is easy to train and ideal for small space living. They are happy indoors as well as outdoors provided they have human companionship. This breed sheds very little, their fuzzy hair only requiring frequent combing to prevent matting. It has no known serious health problem. They have a life expectancy of up to 14 years.