Claimed as one of the oldest terrier breeds in Great Britain, the Border Terrier originated from the Cheviot Hills near the border of Scotland and Great Britain. It is related to the Dandie Dinmont Terrier and the Bedlington Terrier by ancestry. It is a rather small dog, standing between 11 to 16 inches and weighing 11 to 16 pounds. Like most other breeds, the female is smaller than the male. It has a short, dense and wiry double layer of coat. Colours include red, grizzle and tan, blue and tan, or wheat with a small amount of white marking on the chest. It has small, V-shaped ears and eyes that are dark hazel in colour. Their distinctive feature is their otter-shaped head.
The Border Terrier is a working dog, originally bred to hunt foxes and drive them out of their dens. Nowadays though, the breed is mostly kept for human companionship. Its other talents include tracking, watch dog, agility, competitive obedience, therapy dog, assistance to the blind and deaf and performing tricks. It is an intelligent, alert and lively breed, capable of jumping high and running fast on its small legs. With humans they are affectionate and mild-mannered and they enjoy playing with children. This scruffy breed is very active and requires plenty of exercise but will mellow down with adulthood. They have a high pain threshold and can live well above 15 years.