The human brain is extraordinarily complicated by nature, providing the ability to interact socially, comprehend complex situations and even interpret emotions from others within seconds of interacting with them. Understanding the various parts of the brain is a way to truly gain insight into how others think, feel and perceive their everyday lives.
The right hemisphere is responsible for artistic expression along with emotional responses. Also, the right hemisphere controls the functions that are produced on the left side of the body. This is why some people say that left handed people are the only ones who are in their right mind.
The cerebrum houses the main "control center" of emotions that help to create and understand the emotions we feel each day. However, when you go into "survival mode" due to panic or fear, the limbic system is responsible for producing the emotions that allow you to cope with and overcome survival situations. The limbic system works closely with the hypothalamus which regulates hormone secretion and influences emotional responses.
The thalamus distributes and receives various types of sensory information that is transferred from different parts of the body and sent to the brain. Meanwhile, the brain's hippocampus retrieves and stores all memories you make while also processing stimuli.
The temporal lobe processes the sounds that we hear along with the emotional responses we have due to the intake of the sounds around us. The temporal lobe also provides visual perception and gives us the chance to recall moments and situations in time from memory relating to sounds and images or recorded memories we have stored. However, it's the fusiform section of the brain that provides individuals with the ability to recognize faces of others.
The frontal lobe in the brain allows us to create complex mental processes to solve problems and to feel deep emotions on a wide range of subjects or interesting topics. Meanwhile, the prefrontal cortex helps to improve cognitive and abstract analysis, giving you the ability to properly make judgments on individuals and situations that may be occurring around you.
The insula is known to provide emotional context to experiences that you are having. For example, when you have hunger pains and cravings of any kind, it is often due to the insula section of the brain.
All of the information we take in would be useless without the neurons within the brain to conduct electrochemical messages throughout the brain within an entire network of trillion of nerve fibers.
Be sure to practice the small exercises provided to keep a healthy brain and emotional outlook.