A cross between the English Mastiff and the Old English Bulldog, the Bullmastiff originated from England. Bred in the 1800s as a companion for gamekeepers or English wardens, it was called the Gamekeeper’s Night Dog. This is a massive and powerful breed weighing 100 to 133 pounds and with a height ranging from 24 to 27 inches. Its distinct feature is its large, broad skull wrinkled at the forehead with a broad and deep muzzle that is darker in colour. The eyes are dark hazel and the ears are set high and wide. The tail is also set high and is either straight or curved. The coat is short, dense and slightly rough. Colours commonly include brindle, fawn or red with black markings on the head. White markings are not allowed as a standard.
As a warden’s dog, the Bullmastiff is originally bred to find and immobilize poachers. This is an alert, independent and intelligent breed that has gained popularity as a family pet. It has a good-natured disposition, docile and affectionate to its human companions.It can however be fearless when provoked, knocking and pinning down the person until told to stop. It is calm and extremely loyal, and a good standard for the breed is that they should never show aggression towards humans or other animals. This breed craves human leadership so a firm but gentle authority must be exerted over the dog during its early stages of training and socialization. The Bullmastiff, like other massive breeds, tend to snore, drool and slobber. As well, they cannot tolerate extreme temperatures. They have a life expectancy of up to 10 years.