The Caucasian Ovtcharka (in Russian, “ovtcharka” means “sheepdog”) goes by other more common names - Caucasian Mountain Dog, Caucasian Shepherd, Kavkaz Mastiff, Sage Ghafghazi, Caucasian Sheepdog. A very popular dog breed in Russia, it is said to have descended from pre-historic molosser breeds that were developed by local herders in Caucasus for the protection of sheep. There are two recognized types of Caucasian Sheepdog: the plain-dwelling ones recognized by their shorter coats, lighter and appear taller, and the mountain type which is heavier and have thicker coats. Large, strongly-boned and muscular, it weighs from 99 to 180 pounds and stands from 25 to 29 inches. It has a massive and broad head, ears that are densely covered with hair and eyes that are deep-set and dark. It has a prominent muzzle and a dark nose, densely boned forelimbs and large, heavy paws. The coat is thick, dense and weather resistant with profuse feathering all over including the tail. Common colours are gray, fawn, tan, brindle and white.
The Ovtcharka has an aggressive disposition, typically assertive and brave. It is strong-willed and alert and does not accept strangers and people it does not know. To its owner and family, it is loyal, devoted and extremely protective. As a household pet, it should not be left alone with children as excessive playing may cause it to display its aggressive nature.