When a witness undergoes a cross examination, he or she may provide a controversial testimony that requires more clarification that is not given time for when he or she is on the witness stand. However, the legal counsel that solicited the witness may have the opportunity to do such clarification and to minimize and damage the witness may have done during a redirect examination, also referred to as a redirect. A redirect involves the questioning or re-examination of a witness in the area or topic that was originally brought up during the cross-examination.
A witness is called to a court trial to present a testimony that is in support of the legal counsel that solicited him or her, whether it is the prosecution or the defense. Before a witness appears on the witness stand, the legal counsel usually prepares the witness by already asking the questions he or she will be asking in court and asking questions the opposing counsel may ask during cross-examination. Thus, the answers of the witness are tailored to provide the information necessary to prove a claim made by the legal counsel without damaging the case. However, it is not possible for the witness to be prepared for every question asked during cross-examination. it is likely that the witness may answer a question posed by the opposing counsel in a manner that may damage the claim made by the attorneys who solicited him or her. In that event, the judge may redirect to the attorneys who solicited the witness once cross-examination is done in an effort to clarify any statements that could be misconstrued.