The term German Spitz refers to both the dog breed and category or type of dog. Originating from Germany, the German Spitz is one of the oldest dog breeds in Central Europe. Several dog breeds have developed from the German Spitz, including the Akita and the Chow Chow. Other varieties of the German Spitz type are the Giant German Spitz (Grosspitz); Medium/Standard German Spitz (Mittelspitz); Small or Miniature German Spitz (Kleinspitz); the Keeshond (Wolfspitz); and the Pomeranian (Zwergspitz).
The Giant German Spitz dogs have an average height of 16 to 17 inches and weigh from 38 to 40 pounds. They have solid white, brown or black coats and are typically used as companion and watch dogs. The Mittelspitz is believed to be the ancestor of the American Eskimo Dog and is used as a companion dog. It is usually bred in solid colours of black, white, brown and sable. It has a standard height of 12 to 15 inches and weighs around 15 to 25 pounds. The Kleinspitz is usually classified as a toy breed with an appearance similar to that of a small Chowchow with a standard breeding height of 9 to 11 inches and a weight of 11 to 18 pounds. The Pomeranian or the Zwergspitz was named for the Pomerania region in Central Europe and is a popular toy and companion dog breed. They come in a wide variety of colours with the most typical being orange, black or cream. The standard breeding height is 5 to 11 inches and weight of 4 to 7 pounds.