The original name of the breed was Golden Flat-Coat and was developed in the Scottish Highlands in the 1800s by Lord Tweedmouth. It was only in the 1920 when the breed’s name was changed to Golden Retriever. The breed was a result of crossing the yellow Flat-Coated Retriever with the Tweed Water Spaniel (which is now considered an extinct breed). Later on other breeds were added to the gene pool - the Bloodhound, the Irish Setter, the St. John’s Water Dog - all sporting dog breeds. One of the most popular dog breeds known today, the Golden Retriever is a sturdy and compact dog with a standard height of 20 to 24 inches and weight of 55 to 80 pounds. It has a broad skull, straight muzzle and a defined stop. The eyes are dark brown and medium to large-sized. Its nose is black or dark brown and the ears are relatively short but hang close to the cheeks. It has a double layer of coat that makes it waterproof with the outer coat may be either firm, straight or wavy with untrimmed feathering on the underbelly and back of legs. The coat colour ranges from cream to various shades of golden rich.
The Golden Retriever is an excellent family dog, possessing great charm and friendliness. It is patient and tolerant of children and extremely devoted to its owner and the family. They are energetic, quick to learn and easy to train so it is no surprise that the breed excels in competitions. A versatile and all-around dog, some of its other talents include hunting, watch dog, agility, tracking and performing tricks.