Stretch marks are one kind of scarring that occurs on the skin. They can be due to a variety of causes, but the bottom line is that the skin is stretched to a point that it loses its elasticity. This results in long markings, usually parallel to each other, that are of a different hue from the rest of the skin.
The most common cause of stretch marks is abrupt weight gain or growth. This can happen during puberty or pregnancy. Sudden weight gain at any point in time can also result in stretch marks. The hormonal changes that happen during puberty and pregnancy also play a role in the formation of stretch marks.
The sad thing is that when one gets stretch marks, they cannot be totally gotten rid of. They may be treated so that they will be less visible, but they will always be there, to a certain extent. As such, the best thing to do would be to avoid getting stretch marks in the first place. Obviously, this can be done by watching one’s weight. As for puberty and pregnancy, that may not be much of an option, but certain creams such as shea and cocoa butter can help the skin retain its elasticity better.
If you already have stretch marks, there are a number of things that you can do. One is to exfoliate your skin so as to make the marks less visible. Gentle exfoliants can be bought at beauty bars to do the trick. Make sure that you moisturize after exfoliating. Creams and ointments can also be bought to treat newer marks.
For severe cases, laser treatments and skin peeling treatments work well. Better yet, cosmetic surgery can be done to remove the skin. It is worth noting that even this procedure may not remove the stretch marks 100 percent.