Dandruff refers to the scaling of the scalp, wherein the scales or flakes take on a whitish-silvery color. This skin condition results in the flaking of the outer layer of the skin. Generally, dandruff is not a serious condition, although if left untreated, it can result in complications such as scalp infection and psoriasis.
There are two kinds of dandruff - oily dandruff and dry dandruff. As the names imply, oily dandruff occurs for people with overly oily scalp and hair while dry dandruff occurs for people with dry scalp and hair. The treatment for dandruff will depend on the condition type.
The most basic and common way to treat dandruff is to use anti-dandruff shampoo. There are a lot of brands in the market today, and practically all of them do not require a prescription. With the choices available, you simply have to determined whether you have oily or dry hair. Once you have determined this, you ought to make sure that the dandruff shampoo that you buy is suited to your hair type. For more severe cases of dandruff, you might want to try anti-fungal shampoo. Perhaps the most popular is Nizoral, and it really does the trick if regular anti-dandruff shampoo does not work for you.
If Nizoral still does not do the trick for you, you might want to visit a dermatologist. He will probably prescribe a steroid cream to deal with the itching and the flaking.
Dandruff can be a recurring condition, and you may have to switch shampoos every now and then to deal with this.