Also known as Bulgarian Shepherd Dog, its ancestry can be traced to Central Asia, Afghanistan and Iran. A flock guard dog, it is not actually recognized by any international organization so the physical standards are based on observations of the breed. It typically weighs from 88 to 125 pounds and has a height range of 25 to 28 inches. It has a massive and broad head complimented with a massive, broad and slightly obtuse muzzle. The nose is black and the eyes are deep and dark. The neck is strong and broad with slight folds to the skin, chest is broad and deep and the tail is mostly sickle-curved or ring-shaped. The coat is medium length to long, and the fluffy layer covers the whole body except the foreface with has short hair. Typically, the Bulgarian Shepherd Dog’s coat comes in predominant white with big asymmetrical black spots.
Typical of flock guardians, the Karakachan is alert, independent, aggressive but not to a fault. It is highly devoted and affectionate to its owner and tolerant of children. An excellent guard dog, it is highly territorial and will growl and bark when alerted of a strange presence in the property. They have a typical life expectancy of 12 to 14 years with about 7 to 9 years as active working dogs.