View random article

In Law, What Is a Natural Person?

In law, there are two classifications of persons namely artificial and natural. A person is defined in law as an individual entity whose words and actions are considered in a unified way so that they are defined by the person himself or a group of people who serve as representatives.

An artificial person refers to a just a legal entity and not necessarily a human being. However, this entity can be considered a person to whom legal rights and duties may attach. In other words, certain responsibilities go with him or her as they have the powers by natural persons.

A corporation is an example of an artificial person. Artificial persons differ according to their varied responsibilities, duties and abilities. Other examples of such person are taxpayers, drivers, voters and officers. One major way of identifying if one is an artificial person is he or she must be representing other people whether through words or actions.

The other classification or label given to a person in law is called natural. A natural person is the opposite of an artificial person. This kind of person is referring to people who act for his or her own benefit unlike artificial persons who act for the benefit of another.

A natural person is a human being who has the ability to perform duties and rights. This kind of person, however, is not obliged to perform such duties but rather they are considered to have the capability to perform since for one to be considered or labeled as such, he or she has certain responsibilities and duties that are attached to being a natural person.

Featured in Education