Coming from Mexico, the breed is known by other names such as Xoloitzcuintli or commonly as the Mexican Hairless Dog. This is one of the world’s oldest and rarest breeds that was considered as a sacred dog by the Aztecs as it was believed to guide the souls to a happy afterlife. It was also highly valued for what the natives believe its curative and mystical powers. The breed comes in three sizes: the Toy has a height range of 9 to 14 inches and weighs from 5 to 15 pounds; the Miniature with the height of 15 to 20 inches and weight range of 15 to 30 pounds; and the Standard with a height average of 20 to 30 inches and weighs from 25 to 40 pounds. There are also two coat varieties: the coated and the hairless, with the latter being the most popular. This is a robust breed with a broad skull, almond shaped eyes and large, upright ears that are bat-like in appearance. Both varieties of coated and hairless come in a wide range of colours with the most common occurring in black, blue and red.
The Mexican Hairless Dog is a versatile dog valued as a companion, and for its talents such as agility, obedience, therapy or assistance and service. Highly intelligent, they are loyal, extremely loving and instinctively protective of their owner and family. They are easy to house train and want nothing else than to stay beside their owner. As they are hairless, their skin radiates a warm and soothing heat. As they mature they get calmer and laid back. They are a fairly healthy breed and can live as long as 20 years.