Moscow subway bomb and the suicide bombings in Dagestan, along the North Caucasus of Russia, may be linked. The bombing in Dagestan occurred Wednesday, March 31, 2010 near a school. Moscow's subway bombing left thirty nine dead and dozens injured. Russian Prime Minister Vladimar V. Putin suspects the bombing incidents are linked and officials are deeply alarmed. In a press conference, Dagestani President Magomedsalam Magomedov stated "the explosions on the Moscow metro and today's explosions in Kizlyar are links of the same chain. These people do not need peace. They want war."
Residents and officials fear that Islamic militants are behind the bombings and fear Russia's heartland have been targeted. The bombings are the worst attacks Russia has suffered in over six years.
Authorities have tightened security throughout Russia in airports, train stations, and along the North Caucasus. Officials fear more attacks along gas and oil pipelines, or any of Russia's ten nuclear power stations will further economic instability and massively impact future economic growth. Eurasia Group, Inc sent a research note to its customers insisting that "for portfolio investors, any sharp escalation of attacks could in the medium term result in a widening of discounts to comparable markets across asset classes. They could also lead foreign direct investors in Russia to reassess their plans, and/or push investors to require higher rates of return to justify their presence in the Russian market."
Chechen rebel leader Doku Umarov, who considers himself the "Emir of the Caucasus Emirate," promised to "spill blood" in Russian cities last month. Many believe that connections with the Chechen leader and the North Caucasus are accountable for the attacks in Moscow and Dagestan. In an interview posted at www.kavkazcenter.com, Umarov insisted that "Blood will no longer be limited to our (Caucasus) cities and towns. The war is coming to their cities." A group identified as Riyadus-Salikhin could be behind the Moscow subway attacks as suicide bombings are an often used tactic of the group. Riyadus-Salikhin is responsible for the 2002 Dubrovka Theatre attack and the 2004 Besian school hostage situation which killed 334 people, including at least 160 children.
Putin addressed the attackers in a recent statement. Putin insisted that "we know they're lying low, but it's a matter of honour for law enforcement bodies to scrape them from the bottom of the sewers and into the daylight." Putin is reputed to rule with a "heavy hand" which critics suspect drives recruits to Islamic insurgents.
President Dmitry Medvedev released a statement Wednesday opposing an excessive governmental and law enforcement response to the attacts. Medvedev assures that "All of these must be realised, no matter what, because the key to many of these problems lies in the social and economic sphere."