Also known as the Peruvian Hairless Dog or Moonflower Dog, it originated from Peru and was a dog favoured by the Inca nobility. In Peru it is also called the “Calato” which is Quechua for “naked.” It is believed to be the ancestor of the Chinese Crested Hairless Dog. This distinct-looking sight hound is hairless all over its body except for short tufts of hair on its head, feet and on the tip of its tail. There are three varieties of the breed: the small (pequeno) which weighs between 9 and 18 pounds and has a height range of 10 to 16 inches; the medium (medio) weighing from 18 to 26 pounds and stands at 16 to 20 inches; and the large (grande) clocking in at 26 to 55 pounds and between 20 to 26 inches in height. It has dark round eyes, wrinkled lips, thick and leathery ears and a coat that is heavily mottled. Colour can come in any combination with either a pink or a solid-colour background such as chocolate brown or grey.
Whilst this breed may not appear to be an attractive dog in the general sense, the Peruvian Hairless Dog is actually a special treat for the right kind of owners. It is affectionate, alert and friendly and they do well with children and other dogs. They have a calm temperament but can be lively and playful. Because of their hairlessness they are good for people with allergies but at the same time they are extremely sensitive to weather changes and sunlight. They can live for about 11 to 12 years.