The Pug is one of the oldest breeds still existing today. There are a lot of theories surrounding its origins. Some claim that it was developed from crossing a small Bulldog with the French Mastiff. Others say that it originated from Asia and came from the bloodlines of the short-haired Pekingese. The Pug is known by other names: Carlin, Chinese Pug Dog and Mops. This small and stocky breed weighs between 13 and 20 pounds and stands at 10 to 14 inches. They are thickset and squarely built with round and massive heads. Its face has deep and large folds or wrinkles and the teeth meet in a slight undershot bite. Its eyes are very large, prominent and dark. The tail is high set and curled over the back. The ears are small, thin and either rose or button shaped. It has a short coat made of soft, fine and smooth hairs. Colours include apricot, fawn, black or silver.
The Pug was a favorite companion, kept and owned by European royalty and even by Tibetan monks as pets. It is a good watchdog and does not yap or bark unnecessarily. They have animated and spirited dispositions and get along well with other dogs and non-canine pets. They are loyal, loving and affectionate toward their owner and families and their playful and fun attitude will keep their families entertained for hours. They are highly intelligent but have a willful streak about them. The Pug is a sensitive breed that is easily stressed by hot and cold weather. They are prone to allergies and chronic breathing problems because of their short muzzles. They should be kept indoors at comfortable temperatures.