The Saluki is the royal dog of Egypt and is believed to be one of the oldest domesticated dogs known to man. They are known by other names such as the Gazelle Hound, Arabian Hound, Persian Greyhound, Persian Sighthound or Tanji. They are native to the areas of eastern Turkestan to Turkey and are possibly related to the Afghan Hound. They weigh from 29 to 66 pounds and stand at a height of 23 to 28 inches. They are slim dog breeds, with long and narrow heads, long necks and deep and narrow chests. The eyes are large and oval shaped and dark to hazel in colour. The ears are long, mobile and hang down close to the head. The tail is long, well feathered and carried low. The nose is black or liver in colour and the feet are well covered with hair as protection from the rough terrains of the land. It has a short coat but with long and silky feathering on the ears and the tail. Colours include white, cream, fawn, golden, red, grizzle and tan, black and tan, or tricolor combination of white, black and tan.
The Saluki is an exceptional hunter with a high level of endurance and can achieve top speeds of 40mph or more when they are running. They have also been used as racing dogs. When not on the field, they are gentle, friendly and even tempered. They can be somewhat aloof and reserved and have a tendency to be attached to one person. The Saluki has an unusual gait when running: all four of their legs are in the air at the same time. They can also make a good watchdog with proper training and socialization at a young age so as to keep their hunting instincts under control. They can live for about 10 to 12 years.