The Samoyed is believed to be among the fourteen most ancient dog breeds in the world, listed alongside the Siberian Huskies, Alaskan Malamutes and the Chow Chow. It is sometimes endearingly called the “Smiley Dog” because of their unique permanent smiling look on their faces. They originate from Northwest Russia and Western Siberia where the name was derived from the Samoyedic people of Siberia. It weighs from 35 to 65 pounds and stands at a height of 19 to 23.5 inches. It has a broad and wedge-shaped head that is slightly crowned. The nose can be black, brown or liver in colour. The lips are black and the almond-shaped eyes are dark, deep-set and dark-rimmed. The ears are wedge-shaped and slightly rounded at the tips. It has a moderately long tail that is well covered with hair and carried curled over the back. The coat is profuse and made of double layers with a soft, short undercoat and a thick, harsh top coat. Males have more profuse hairs than the females. Colours range from white, biscuit, yellow and cream although pure white is the most desirable.
This working breed was used as sled dogs and to herd reindeer. Samoyed are excellent companions, and are known to sleep with their owner or the family to keep them warm during the cold climates. They have a tendency to bark and will do so whenever someone or something approaches their territory. They are highly intelligent, good-natured and lively. They are free of “doggy odor” but are prone to skin allergies. Samoyeds can live for about 12 to 15 years.