The resolution of a litigation process or court trial is a judgment that is handed out by a judge, or in some cases, a jury. The process of arriving at this judgment is referred to as adjudication. However, adjudication can also mean a legally binding decision rendered by an empowered person or entity.
The first meaning of adjudication is commonly used in court settings wherein a judge or jury is deliberating and evaluating a case based on the arguments, evidence, and testimonies presented in a court of law. Adjudication can settle various types of disputes that have been brought to a court of law for resolution. These disputes are usually categorized as the following: disputes between private entities such as companies or persons; disputes between private entities and public entities; disputes between public entities.
Another meaning of adjudication applies to deciding upon awards, certificates, points, or scores. This kind of adjudication commonly occurs in sporting events. However, businesses also identify the term adjudication with an entity that is empowered to resolve disputes between 2 individuals or entities. All meanings of adjudication are more often than not legally binding upon all involved parties and are usually rendered by a judge or a single authority. Adjudication can only be done upon the presentation of arguments and other relevant pieces of information in order for the judge to provide a decision that is fair and informed.
Adjudication may also refer to instances of security clearance. A person is evaluated and reviewed in a process of adjudication in order to gain security clearance for employment.