The Administrative Procedure Act or the APA is one of the most important pieces of the administrative law and is a federal law in the United States which was enacted in 1946. The APA, a law under the United States government federal regulatory agencies, creates rules and regulations to implement major legislative acts. These agencies include the Food and Drug Administration or the FDA, Department of Homeland Security and the Treasury Department. These agencies are granted certain powers and responsibilities.
The Administrative Procedure Act’s basic purpose is to require agencies to keep the public informed of their organization, procedures and rules. Another purpose is to provide for public participation in the rulemaking process, to establish uniform standards for the conduct of formal rulemaking and adjudication, and to define the scope of judicial. The APA contains sections regarding open meetings, rule-making and imposition of sanctions. The APA acts as a constitutional safeguard for agencies and the public. The Administration Procedure Act prevents agencies or department to publish rules which were made randomly and at will. The APA also prevents federal agencies from making harmful decisions and becoming too powerful. The APA also gives the people the right to request a court to review claims of wrongdoing made by the agencies or agents of federal agencies. The administrative procedure act defines an agency as each authority of the Government of the United States whether or not it is subject to review by another agency with the exception of several enumerated authorities of territories or possessions of the United States.