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What Is an Alveolar Bone?

These are special bones designed to hold the teeth in a human mouth. Found in a human’s mandible and maxilla, those are the lower and upper portions of the jaw respectively. Alveolar bone also proves anchoring points for jaw muscles and gums, which are important in supporting and protecting the teeth. It is necessary for the alveolar bone to be much stronger that the average bone because of its direct working relationship with the teeth.

The alveoral bone forms ridges around teeth, this makes it relatively easy to point out. Dentists may, by examining x-rays of the alveoral bone, determine and point out sections in which bone loss may be occurring.

The gums attached to the alveolar bone are responsible for housing the blood vessels that supply blood to the teeth. Along the alveolar bone there are set special spaces, which are there to accommodate the roots of teeth, these spaces are separated by an inter-dental septum.

A person who has suffered damage to the alveolar bone might lose their teeth or septicemia, if the damage is due to an infection. Most people will, as they increase in age, experience alveolar bone loss, which is readily visible in dental x-rays. It may be either through alveolar bone resorption or thinning of the alveolar bone. Bone resorption usually occurs when teeth are broken or are extracted. If damage to the alveolar bone is due to infection then septicemia may occur. Infection may be come from rotting teeth or festering gums wounds.

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