Apellate jurisdiction refers to the court’s authority to review decisions and change them when necessary depending on the case being handled. The review process may call for an entirely new hearing or simply a review of certain rulings created by the lower court.
According to the article three of the United States’ Constitution, all judicial power lies on the U.S. Supreme Court. Being the highest court, the Supreme Court has two main divisions which differ on how each exercises its power and authority.
The first division is the original jurisdiction which has the power to hear initial cases. The decision it makes is considered final which means an appeal could no longer be made.
The second division is the appellate jurisdiction which is considered to be following the function stated in the legal and constitutional system of America that hears cases. It also considers the appeals filed by the lower courts.
An appellate court has the power of appellate jurisdiction. Its responsibilities include reviewing all the decisions coming from the lower courts and ensuring that the judge properly granted the new trial and that the gathering of new evidence together with compilations from the old ones were done in a legal way.
Appellate jurisdiction may vary depending on the case. An appellate review, meanwhile, is done before a jurisdiction is made. A new hearing is usually called allowing the appellate court to either review or change the decisions or facts given by the lower court.