View random article

What Are Flavonoids?

Flavonoids are antioxidants that can be found in plants. While they have nothing to do with plant growth, they can be found in plant nutrients. Some are responsible for plant appearance, such as the colors of particular flowers. There are also flavanoids that act as the defensive barrier, repelling attacks from insects and dangerous microbes. They are sometimes called bioflavanoids.

Flavonoids also perform a defensive function once the are digested in food. Aside from containing small amounts of anti oxidants, which help combat the free radicals in the body and prevent conditions such as cancer, heart disease and even early skin aging, flavonoids can help trigger natural enzymes. These enzymes are very effective in fighting off disease. In fact, there are studies that certain flavonoids may help prevent degenerative diseases and even the flu. Some say that they can also stave off tooth decay and lower risk for heart disease.

Many berries and beans are rich in flavonoids. This includes blueberries, red beans, cranberries, and blackberries. It is also possible to get flavonoids from yellow vegetables like corn and squash and yellow fruits like mangoes. Studies also show that tea and wine also contain a lot of flavonoids.
A well balanced diet will be rich in flavonoids. Doctors already recommend taking nuts and berries because they are rich in anti oxidants and vitamins, and many believe that vegetables should constitute the largest percentage of daily food consumption. However there are also supplements that contain flavonoids, which is better than not taking in any at all.

Featured in Science