The four noble truths are considered as the basic belief in Buddhism that Siddhartha Gautama expounded in the first few years of his preaching. When Siddhartha Gautama, also known as Shakyamuni Buddha first attained enlightenment, he taught people on the basis of their capacity to understand the profound teaching of the Buddha. Shakyamuni first introduced the four noble truth as a form of guideline for other people to also attain the state of Buddhahood. Shkyamuni explained to his disciples during his time that to attain enlightenment, they should bear in mind four important teachings.
For one, people should bear in mind that life is full of sufferings. This means that people, even when they encounter the teachings of the Buddha or they themselves are enlightened to the true nature of life are not free from problems. Problems are natural part of life and having them means that one is living in direct opposition to just existing.
The second noble path states that suffering is caused by people’s desires or attachments to matters that are temporary. It means that people suffer because they cannot realize the transient nature of the things they have and the people they have around. When people tend to believe that everything is permanent, when something is gone, he or she will suffer with the loss.
The third noble truth states that sufferings can be solved and the fourth noble truth states that the sufferings can be solved by following the eight fold path which serves as guidelines for a rightful living.