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What Are the Lobes of the Brain?

The brain is divided into four main lobes based on the grooves of the brain. The cerebral cortex consists of four lobes. These are the frontal lobe, the parietal lobe, occipital lobe, and the temporal lobe. Within these lobes are specific brain parts responsible for certain functions. Some brain parts work together to perform certain functions.

The frontal lobe is for reasoning, behavior, emotions, motor skills, language and speech. This is lobe is found in front of the brain. The motor cortex is responsible for interpreting information from other parts of the brain.

The parietal lobe is used for processing and integrating sensory information, like those associated with pain, pressure, pleasure or any tactile information, from the different parts of the body. Spatial orientation, visual perception, cognition and recognition are included in this lobe’s functions. This lobe is found in the middle portion of the brain.

The temporal lobe is for processing sounds and other auditory functions like interpreting language and sounds. This lobe is associated with memories and is found on the bottom section of the brain. The primary auditory cortex and hippocampus are found in this lobe.

The occipital lobe is for processing visual information like visual perception, visual-spatial processing, movement and color recognition. The primary visual cortex is found in this lobe. This lobe, found at the back of the brain, is the smallest lobe.

Though the brain is divided into lobes and perform different functions, these parts all work together to keep the body working as one.

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