Misdemeanor crimes are referred to as “less serious crimes” which include shoplifting, vandalism, prostitution, public intoxication, simple assault, trespass, reckless driving, petty theft, disorderly conduct and drug possession. These kinds of crimes are punishable by at the most one year or sometimes less in jail as well as fines and community service. The lower jail term is due to the fact that they are minor crimes although they could still affect a person’s life. This is also the reason why those who have committed misdemeanor crimes only stay most of the time in a jail while those convicted of a felony are in prisons.
People convicted or guilty of misdemeanor crimes are not deprived of their civil rights but instead, their privileges minimized or some may be taken away from them. This process is referred to as the “collateral consequences of criminal charges.” Privileges that may be deprived from them can range from professional licenses to different types of employment.
This simply explains that crime is still very evident in a country or area. This could, however, vary due to the extent of damage it could bring to the country and to its citizens. One example is in Virginia where four classifications of misdemeanor crimes exist. These are the Class 1 which is punishable with 12 months in jail; Class 2 which has a six- month jail term; Class 3 and Class 4 where imprisonment is done away with since both only require the payment of fines.