When a person makes false statements or claims, this refers to perjury. Thus, once an accusation is made against the person for making such false claims, this refers to perjury charges. This is usually found in civil or criminal cases wherein individuals provide false information that may have contributed or could potentially contribute to the failure or obstruction of a court case.
When a person faces perjury charges, this may carry with it a variety of punishments depending upon the severity. A person who commits perjury in a court of law may face heftier fines and possible imprisonment of up to 15 years or more. This is because perjury is considered a serious, criminal act. Thus, the act of perjury is considered to be a felony.
There are several things needed when pursuing perjury charges against another person or party. First, it is necessary to prove that the defendant provided a false claim or statement under oath. This means that despite having sworn to tell the truth, the person still provided false information. Second, it must be proven that the defendant deliberately provided false information. In court hearings, this becomes of utmost importance especially when the false information provided was crucial material evidence.
Despite the elements of perjury charges being clear and direct, it can be difficult to pursue perjury charges. This is because the defense lawyer can claim or argue that the prosecution did not word the questions clearly enough for the person to provide the correct and truthful information.