Evidence is very important objects or documents that may substantiate a claim made by a litigant in a court trial. It can be so crucial that it has the possibility of determining the guilt or innocence of the defendant. Due to its immense significance, there are certain rules and guidelines that must be obeyed when handling such evidence, which is referred to as the rules of evidence.
The rules of evidence may vary among countries and states. Evidence for a criminal offense is probably treated differently than evidence for a civil suit because both categories of law require different things.
In a court case, triers of fact are parties that are involved in the evaluation of the evidence in relation to the offense committed. There are 4 general types of evidence, and each type is handled differently. The 4 types of evidence are the real evidence, demonstrative evidence, testimonial evidence, and documentary evidence. Each type requires a different set of rules of evidence that involves the maintenance and handling of the evidence.
Rules of evidence also include the manner in which witness testimonies are conducted. Such rules involve the kind of questioning allowed by the court and the time allotted for questioning. One of the most important details involved in the rules of evidence is that which refers to the statements that are admissible and inadmissible in court. An admissible statement in court is one that is relevant, material, and competent. Aside from these details, the rules of evidence also govern the manner in which legal documents are submitted.