The IUD, or intrauterine device, is one form of birth control that is commonly used by a lot of women today. It is a device which can be made of copper or plastic. The copper IUD is usually T-shaped and is wrapped with pure copper. The plastic IUD is also called intrauterine system, or IUS. Instead of utilizing copper, it releases small amounts of hormones into the woman’s system. Both kinds of IUDs are inserted into the uterus. The copper IUD is effective for five to ten years, while the plastic IUD is effective for about five years.
The side effects associated with the use of the IUD are often minor, although there have been a few cases wherein the side effects became serious enough to warrant the removal of the device. More so, a large number of women do not really suffer from side effects from using the IUD. While there might be slight discomfort in the beginning, often no other negative effects are reported.
The common minor side effects of the IUD are weight gain and acne. These are the same side effects that have been reported regarding birth control pills. Acne is rather easily treated with over-the-counter medication. For more severe cases of acne, going to the dermatologist is the best option. About weight gain, there really is no other solution than to watch what you eat and get some exercise. These are beneficial in any case.
Serious side effects that have been reported include bleeding and cramping. Cramping can cause a lot of pain and can interfere with one’s daily routine. Heavy bleeding is even more serious as it can result in other complications. If you experience either side effect, you had better see your doctor immediately.