Breast reduction surgery is a surgical procedure which involves removing fat, skin, and glandular tissue from the breast. In some cases, breast reduction surgery may involve the removal of breast implants. The goal is to reduce the size of the breast. The procedure is also called reduction mammoplasty, and is the opposite of breast augmentation. Breast reduction surgery is most commonly done on women, but some men also undergo the procedure.
While most women may want to have breast augmentation surgery, there are women who need to have their breasts reduced in size. This is especially true for women who have overly large breasts, which can cause various health problems including back pain. Due to the size of the breasts, their weight can become too heavy for the body to deal with; hence the need for breast reduction surgery.
Breast reduction surgery requires general anesthesia to be administered to the patient. The surgeon normally makes three incisions on each breast during the procedure. These incisions are made under the breast following the curve of the crease, around the areola, and then vertically from the crease to the areola. The excess fat and skin are then removed and the breast reshaped. The areola may be reduced, and the nipple and areola may also be repositioned.
This procedure is quite safe, with many women having undergone it. There are still risks, however, including the potential of losing sensation in the surgical area. Women who are planning on breastfeeding in the future are discouraged from undergoing breast reduction surgery.