The cervix is the part of the female reproductive system that shaped like a cone or tube also called the neck of the uterus and opens into the vagina. It may also be considered as part of the birth canal. Smooth muscles made up the cervix
The cervix plays a major role during menstruation and childbirth.. During menstruation, the cervix enlarges to accommodate the flow of blood from the uterus. It also secretes mucus in varying amounts depending on the stage of the menstrual cycle. During pregnancy, the cervix stays seals the uterus to protect the growing baby. Then it starts to thin out towards the end of the pregnancy in anticipation of labor and delivery. The cervix shortens and dilates during childbirth to fit the head of the baby as it exits the uterus to travel through the birth canal and out into the world. Cervix during birthing However, after delivery, the cervix reverts back into its original size.
Cervical cancer is common among women so an annual regular check up and pap smear are recommended. Vaginal bleeding, painful intercourse, bleeding after intercourse, and smelly discharge should not be ignored. A doctor should be promptly consulted to determine the condition. When detected at an early stage, cervical cancer can be fully treated. There are now vaccines against cervical cancer that are available and affordable. Though it is not a guarantee not to have cervical cancer, it can lessen the possibility. This however, should not be a license to engage in irresponsible sex practices.