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What Is a Chancery Court?

Different courts exist to hand out different verdicts, depending on what kind of verdict is necessary for the case. A chancery court is similar to a court of equity wherein it settles matters of land, trusts, and issues regarding individuals who are mentally incapable to handle their own affairs.

The chancery court had its origins in England and Wales. As aforementioned, it is a court of equity that rendered a decision based on equitable distribution. This was done so that the people could find a resolution that appealed to their reasoning rather than the indifference of the common law. In the United Kingdom, the chancery court is considered a part of the High Court of Justice and hands out decisions that may supersede those made by a common law court. However, in other Western countries such as the United States, a common law court also handles issues of equity and may pass a resolution that is equitable rather than a resolution that is in accordance with the law.

The chancery court usually hears cases that involve restitution in the form of damages, such as a suit of malpractice. When litigants choose to obtain some other form of restitution that is not monetary, a chancery court may provide for an injunction. An injunction is a court order that demands an individual to discontinue from doing a certain practice or act. Injunctions can be permanent or temporary, depending on the circumstances of the case and the conclusion of the judge or jury.

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