A court trial is resolved with a judgment delivered by the judge or jury. This resolution depends upon the findings of fact that have been made by either judge or jury, and is a result of intensive review and evaluation of the case brought before the court. It is possible that in the case of a prosecution versus a defense, the defendant may either be found guilty or not guilty. In the event that the defendant is found to be guilty of having committed a crime, the resolution is called a conviction.
When a court hands out a conviction, the defendant is now deemed to have committed a crime for which he or she must be sentenced. A sentencing follows a conviction and provides the commensurate punishment for the defendant, who is now a convict.
Before a conviction can be reached, the person accused of a crime must undergo a court trial where his or her case will be presented before a court of law. A prosecution will provide arguments, evidence, and testimonies that will convince the judge or jury of the guilt of the individual, while a defense provides the same to prove the innocence of the defendant. After all the presentations made by both prosecution and defense, the judge or jury must evaluate and review the case, discussing all pertinent issues in order to decide whether or not the person is guilty. Once it has been decided that the defendant is guilty, the judge or jury provide the verdict, which is a conviction. This is read aloud in court for the defendant to hear.