During a court hearing or trial, it is necessary for the legal counsel representing each litigant to present certain types of objects or narratives that corroborate with the arguments they present. Such objects are referred to as court evidence.
The purpose of court evidence is to support whatever argument is made by the lawyer, as well as putting down the arguments made by the opposing lawyer. Because of how crucial court evidence is in building a case and subsequently proving guilt or innocence, laws have been invoked and prescribed in order to provide the manner in which objects or other things may be called as court evidence.
Jurisdictions vary according to what kind of court evidence may be recognized and acknowledged by the court. Thus, court evidence is categorized according to physical or testimonial evidence. Physical evidence refers to the actual physical objects such as a knife, a chair, or any other tangible object. Testimonial evidence refers to the narrative given by a witness on the witness stand or at a deposition.
Another type of category of court evidence refers to admissible vis-à-vis inadmissible evidence. The former can be presented to a fact finder in the midst of the trial, while the latter cannot. In order for court evidence to be considered admissible evidence, it must be proven to help the fact finder in determining the guilt or innocence of the defendant. It is also possible for court evidence to be considered unfairly prejudicial, and thus categorized as inadmissible evidence.