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What Is Criminal Profiling?


It has been noted that a criminal or law offender can be psychologically evaluated merely by assessing the crime scene. The crime scene provides key information as to what kind of a person a criminal may be. This type of psychological evaluation evaluated from the crime scene is referred to as criminal profiling.


A forensic psychologist conducts any and every criminal profiling. This is because a forensic psychologist has been trained in the specialized field of criminal psychological evaluation. The criminal profiling completed by the forensic psychologist helps law enforcement agencies and officers in finding the criminal.


The purpose of criminal profiling is providing law enforcement agencies and officers with a psychological sketch of the criminal. This is done through the evaluation of the crime scene, which provides significant information as to the behavior and mental situation of the offender who committed the crime. This is usually the case during a homicide investigation when criminal profiling is necessary to determine what the habits, behavior, and values of the criminal so as to predict his next move.


So far, criminal profiling has been used to track down murderers, psychopaths, rapists, and arsonists. This is done by categorizing the criminal as organized, disorganized, or mixed, based on the forensic psychologist’s evaluation of the crime scene. An organized criminal is meticulous, intelligent, and socially adept, as compared to a disorganized criminal who acts spontaneously, randomly, and detached. A mixed criminal is one who has elements of both organized and disorganized categories, and makes it difficult to provide a clear criminal profile.

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