Diabetes is a disease that results in the body’s inability to make or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone in the body that is used in converting starches, sugars and other food products into energy that the body can use in order to properly function. There are four types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes, and pre-diabetes.
Diabetes affects a great number of people worldwide. In the United States, about six percent of the total population are classified as diabetic. The exact cause of diabetes still remains a mystery but researchers have certain symptoms that will identify as person as diabetic. These are: frequent urination, extreme hunger, excessive thirst, weight loss, fatigue, irritability, and blurry vision.
People who suffer from Type 1 diabetes are required to take insulin everyday. The patient will usually take the insulin shot with the use of a syringe. He can do it himself or ask someone to give him the shot. This kind of diabetes is more common among caucasians or people who live in cold climates.
Type 2 diabetes can be controlled by carefully monitoring food intake and by performing regular exercise. There are some Type 2 patients who need to take insulin shots or pills as a way of regulating their blood sugar levels. Obesity has been identified as a major factor in getting this kind of diabetes.
Pregnant women can sometimes become diabetic during the course of their pregnancy. This is called gestational diabetes. This particular kind of diabetes happens to four percent of all pregnant women in the US.
Pre-diabetes is a condition that basically describes as a person whose blood glucose level is higher than normal but not yet at diabetic levels.