The kidneys are an important organ of the human body. They filter out the waste from the blood and keep our body functioning.
Dialysis is a process which helps those individuals live a normal life who are suffering from serious kidney problems or have failed kidneys.
If a kidney doesn't function well, it will not be able to get rid of all the waste in the body and hence the excess accumulation of waste products in the body could cause the patient to become sick. This is when Dialysis is required to take over the functions of kidney for the body.
The Creatinine level and the Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) level are the two main blood chemical levels which determine if the kidneys are functioning properly. The rise of these two blood chemical levels would mean that the kidney's ability to filter waste from the body is decreasing.
Types of Dialysis
The two main types of Dialysis are:-
1. Hermodialysis - This process uses a special filter in the dialysis machine called the dialysis membrane to remove the accumulated waste material from the patient's body.
2. Peritoneal dialysis - This process uses the body tissues of the patient which are inside the abdominal cavity to act as a filter. The waste is removed by passing a special fluid through that area.