Eczema is a range of skin conditions wherein the outer layer of the skin gets irritated and inflamed. It falls under the wide range of conditions labeled as dermatitis. Eczema does not refer to a single condition. There are many classifications of eczema, but some of the common ones as are follows.
Atopic eczema, also called atopic dermatitis. This condition is characterized by red rashes on the skin - the scalp, the neck, the elbows, etc. Atopic eczema is believed to run in the family and is also associated with those who have asthma.
Contact dermatitis can either be allergic or irritant. The difference between the two is that the former is a delayed reaction while the latter is a direct reaction.
Xerotic eczema starts with a dry skin condition. When this condition becomes really bad, it can turn into eczema. Oftentimes, dry winter weather aggravates xerotic eczema.
What are the causes of eczema? It really depends on the kind of eczema, but in general, allergens and irritants are to blame. A clean environment can only help to prevent an outbreak, as well as the avoidance of known triggers. In some cases, stress can also cause eczema. The best way to deal with eczema is to have a medical professional diagnose the condition.
Today, more and more people in first world countries are developing eczema in one form or another. The condition is also affecting more infants and children, although they do outgrow it at some point in their lives. More so, with proper diagnosis and treatment, the disease is controllable in most cases.