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What Is a Federal Grand Jury?

Each citizen of the United States may be called upon to serve as a member of the jury. An individual can receive a federal summons in order for him or her to serve as part of a federal grand jury. This type of jury is usually composed of not less than 16 and not more than 23 individuals. Such juries are assembled in order to participate in a federal indictment or to hear a federal court trial.

Any person can be called to serve as a member of the federal grand jury granted that he or she is a citizen of the United States. He or she receives a federal summons to appear before the federal court in order to serve as a member of the jury. In the event of illnesses or other reasons, a person may be excused from serving jury duty as part of a federal grand jury.

Once the members of a federal grand jury are complete, they elect individuals within the jury to serve as officers. One such officer is a foreperson, who is tasked with several administrative responsibilities. These responsibilities include swearing in a witness for a testimony, acting as a representative for the jury, overseeing the obligations of the jury, and more. Another officer that is elected is the deputy foreperson, which aids the foreperson when necessary and fulfills the obligations and duties of the foreperson when he or she cannot. The entire panel of the federal grand jury is tasked with several things. The jury is tasked with reviewing the evidence and the arguments of each side as well as rendering a decision given all the evidence and arguments presented.

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