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What Is Hyperactivity and What Is Meant by Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder(ADHD) ?

Hyperactivity is defined as a physical state in which the person shows abnormal levels of activity, abnormal when compared to other people in the same age group.Such activities could be a sudden outburst of strong emotions, excitement, anxiety or short attention spans.

All human beings experience some form of hyperactivity now and then depending upon the situation and circumstances. However, when it starts to become a problem for a person then it is the sign of a medical disorder.

Types of hyperactivity disorder

The main type of hyperactivity disorder is the Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD). It can affect people of different age groups, from kids to adults. When it affects adults, it is termed as Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (also referred to as Adult ADHD, Adult ADD, or AADD).

ADHD is defined as a "persistent pattern of inattention or hyperactivity—impulsivity that is more frequently displayed and more severe than is typically observed in individuals at a comparable level of development." If it is left untreated, it could severely hamper one's overall development as an individual.

Hyperactivity disorders like ADHD are neurobehavioral/neuropsychiatric disorders which could become a chronic disorder if it affects the person at an early age. Many children diagnosed with ADHD could continue experience it throughout their adult life.

Causes of hyperactivity

There could be different causes of hyperactivity depending upon the individual and his or her age. Teenagers could experience it because of puberty. A person could experience it if he has gone through a rough childhood which included sexual abuse. There could be many other reasons related to mental conflicts which cause hyperactivity disorder.

Also, conditions like high thyroid levels, lead poisoning, bipolar disorder, sleep deprivation and anxiety could cause hyperactivity disorder.

Useful Links

  1. NY Times article on ADHD

  2. Identifying and Treating Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

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