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What Is the International Criminal Court?

The International Criminal Court also referred to as the ICC is an organization supported by a document called the Rome Statute that reserves the right to let individuals who committed a grave international crime to go into trial. The ICC, according to the Rome Statute is limited to the most serious crimes concerning the international community as a whole.

There are three categories of the crimes under the International Criminal Court in the Rome Statute. The first is the genocide, second is war crimes and third is crime against humanity. The International Criminal Court can only prosecute crimes committed on or after July 1, 2002 since it is the date it came into being and the Rome of Statute entered into force. The proceedings may take place anywhere. Although the official seat of the court is in The Hague, Netherlands, the ICC is not obliged to remain there. The presidency, the judicial division and the office of the prosecutor are three well defined organs in the court’s structure. The presidency is composed of three judges to serve for three years who acts as an administrative authority. The judicial division is divided into three parts which are the pre-trial division, the trial division and the appeals division. The division who has the power to issue arrest warrants and summon suspects is the pre-trial division, the trial division hears the criminal case and the appeals division handles appeals made by the parties involved. The office of the prosecutor receives referrals for suggested cases.

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