As a citizen of a state or nation, an individual may be obligated to render a service to his or her country when called upon. This duty may include serving as a juror in a jury panel to hear a court proceeding. This service is referred to as jury duty.
Jury duty in the US is a very rigorous and strict obligation. When a US citizen receives summons for jury duty, he or she must appear at the time and date indicated in the court summons. Penalties will be given to an individual who does not show for jury duty. Receiving a summons for jury duty does not automatically mean that the individual becomes part of the jury. He or she is required to undergo jury selection. Thus, it is also possible that the individual who has received summons for jury duty might not actually be selected.
The process of giving a summons for jury duty may vary from state to state. Some states give jury duty to those randomly selected from a list of registered voters. However, variables such as ownership of land, possession of a driver’s license, and others may increase the chances of an individual being picked for jury duty.
There are some instances wherein jury duty may be waived if it is proven that the selected individual is incapable of serving as juror. Such instances may include a medical condition or the individual may be related to one of the litigants. However, if no actual instance exists, the court has the right to fine the individual in excess of $1100.