Jute is a kind of fiber that is taken from plants and used in making many different types of items – for example, twine, rope, curtains, chair covers, hessian cloth, carpets and even the back of linoleum. These different uses are achieved by turning the jute fibers into thread through the process of spinning. Although jute is characteristically rough in its texture, jute also has fine threads that are actually used in making imitation silk. Jute’s versatility is now getting more and more attention. For example, it is being as an alternative ingredient in making paper, which is more environmentally friendly compared to cutting down trees in order to produce pulp.
Thread made from jute fibers is known for its strength, which is remarkable given how cheap jute fibers are. In fact, it is the cheapest natural fiber available for use. Another property of jute is its strong insulating properties, which makes it a good insulator. Also, it has a low thermal conductivity and is very antistatic. But despite the many qualities of jute, synthetic materials are being increasingly used in its place, mainly because manufacturing these synthetic materials are far less costly and is still more efficient. The reason for this is that jute can sometimes get brittle and it also yellows when exposed to sunlight. Jute also loses strength when it gets wet. It is also prone to infestation of microbes or very small insects especially when it is in humid regions. But jute is still used especially in applications when biodegradability is an important factor.