A juvenile criminal justice operates according to the principle that adolescence is fundamentally different than grown-ups in terms of responsibility and possibility of rehabilitation. The primary goal of the juvenile justice system is the successful restoration of youth into the society. Juvenile legal systems focus more on rehabilitation rather than on a normal sentence to an adult convict or criminal. This philosophy maintains that youths have a greater chance of being reformed or changed because they are young rather than a developmentally advanced adult.
There are age limits that are set by laws for juvenile delinquencies. Most cases in the juvenile court system involve children between ages 10-18. Although many states extend their cut-offs through the age of twenty. Other youthful offenders may be considered or tried as adults depending on the severity of the crime.
A child’s criminal history and previous arrests are taken into accounts in determining the youthful offender’s punishment. Some of these punishments depend on the nature of the crime. In some cases youthful offenders are sentenced to stay at a youth prison center, do community services, and attend a boot camp program. These types of punishments are ways for the offenders to realize their wrong doings or be restored in the society.
Since the juvenile criminal justice have the goal of restoration of the youth into society, privacy is implemented in the system proceedings. Juvenile records can be sealed and cannot be viewed by the public. This helps youths avoid the long-term consequences of having a criminal record. This is necessary as a way to keep the focus on rehabilitation.