When a minor is found to be guilty of a criminal offense, whether a misdemeanor or a felony, he or she is not placed in a prison along with adult offenders. Juvenile detention is the solution that allows criminals who are minors, referred to as juveniles, a temporary situation within a holding facility. A juvenile detention center is essentially a less severe form of imprisonment since the court considers that juveniles cannot be treated in the same regard as adult criminals due to the age, thus the developmental difference. It is also for the safety of the juveniles that they are placed in a facility separate from adult criminals.
A juvenile is usually placed in a juvenile detention facility in order to prevent any other future criminal acts or to provide a safer environment for the juvenile to rehabilitate. It is difficult to place juveniles within a legal system so juvenile detention was created to be a temporary solution to this problem. Juvenile detention is done when a juvenile is still awaiting a verdict from the judge or when the judge has already passed a sentence that involves juvenile detention.
Juvenile detention has to pass certain conditions before it can be considered appropriate for use. A detention facility must provide health services, educational programs, and other recreational facilities. This is done in order to address the needs of juveniles who are still in their developmental stage of growth. It is also necessary that juveniles be given access to legal counsel whenever they request it or whenever it is needed.