Private property is strictly enforced in order to prevent trespassing of any kind. However, land easement gives a specified being, whether human, animal, or something else, the right to encroach upon land that belongs to another. A land easement is usually obtained by government agencies that wish to install pipes, reach water sources, or provide any other utilities. As much as a land easement provides another person access to a certain piece of land, it does not provide the right of possession. Land easement is similar to a kind of license that allows access to certain people and things.
There are various types of easement, depending on the extent to which another person or thing is given access or depending on who is given the right to access the land. A private easement gives access to private individuals or parties in contrast to a public easement wherein the right to access is for public use. An easement appurtenant is an easement that benefits a dominant, adjacent piece of land. The dominant piece of land is referred to as a dominant tenement while the land that provides easement is referred to as the servient tenement. An easement in gross benefits a person or party instead of a dominant tenement. A floating easement is the last type of easement that provides to specific detail as to how to access the piece of land. For example, a person who holds a land easement over a property may cross the property whenever and by any path.