Lenders refer to individuals or institutions that provide loans. There are many different kinds of lenders. These include educational lenders and commercial lenders, hard money lenders and mutual organizations, as well as lenders of last resort.
The most common type, however, is the commercial lender, which can be a private financial group or a bank. There are thousands of banks, all of whom offer different kinds of loans. These can vary according to the interest rate, the duration of the loan or payment scheme, and the standards for credit.
Lending institutions will weigh the borrower’s credit risk and their own level of profitability. Very frequently, high-risk borrowers (those who have poor credit history, for example) will be charged heavier interest.
Sometimes the loans pass through a loan broker, a third party who fields the loan request to different commercial lenders. A particularly valuable client may then be in a position to negotiate with the lenders for better payment terms.
Borrowers can also approach hard money lenders. Hard money lenders tend to take real estate as collateral. They are more flexible about payment terms and type of loans they will support, but they tend to have very high interest rates. Hard money lenders usually provide short-term loans.
Mutual organizations, on the other hand, collect money from members (like a financial cooperative). In exchange, members can borrow money, often at good rates and terms. This is because—unlike commercial lenders and hard money lenders—mutual organizations don’t have to make a profit on loans.
Lender of last resort, on the other hand, assist banking institutions during economic crises.