Mass production is the process of producing a large number of goods at the shortest possible time by way of employing various time saving strategies – for example, assembly lines and specialization. Mass production gives a number of benefits to manuafacturers including the ability to produce more goods per worker hour and lower labor costs for the end product. These advantages to the manufacturer are ultimately felt by the consumer because efficient mass production also lowers the price of these products.
Before the advent of mass production as a manufacturing technique, the business making goods was the purview of the craftsman, who made goods from start to finish. This means that the craftsman must know and be an expert in all parts of the manufacturing process, even down to the making of the individual parts. But this process was time consuming and it also meant that fewer products are produced because only one person would be responsible for everything.
With the advent of the Industrial Revolution, the concept of mass production began to take shape especially with the introduction of the assembly line. This is a conveyor that essentially moved products from one workman to another. Each individual is tasked to do one thing and one thing alone. The workman specializes in doing one particular thing before it is passed on to the next workman down the assembly line. Each workman is responsible for that one task alone and thus will only need the tools and parts necessary for his particular task.