Maxillary surgery is a procedure done to rectify problems with the upper jaw. These abnormalities may be due to congenital factors - a cleft palate, for example. Children who are born with this deformity need to undergo maxillary surgery at an early age in order for the procedure to work best. Usually this is done before the child turns one year old.
Sometimes, the abnormalities may simply be due to uneven growth of the jaw bone. In these cases, the person will not be able to properly chew their food. More so, uneven jaw bone growth can also cause aesthetic issues.
Either way, maxillary surgery is recommended. Maxillary surgery is done in several ways, depending on the exact nature of the problem. The upper jaw bone can be cut, moved, or grafted, depending on what is necessary. For grafting, there are two options for the source of the bone: artificial material or bone from another part of the body.
Maxillary surgery is a major operation and requires that the patient be put under general anesthesia. Since the facial skin and muscles are cut in order to get to the bone, patients may experience visible side effects on their faces. Possible side effects are infections, nerve damage, and bleeding. Barring any complications, patients have to stay in the hospital for at least one day.
In addition to the actual procedure, patients may have to wear support contraptions such as braces. This will ensure that the results of the surgery will be lasting.